If, as is often claimed, Alzheimer’s disease is “the disease of the century,” or at least one of the peculiarly emblematic diseases in America at the turn of the twenty-first century, it is not just because of its rising prevalence and devastating symptoms, but because it has a strong resonance with some of the deepest concerns of contemporary culture. This is one of a series of occasional posts that will explore this cultural resonance.
One of the most salient concerns in contemporary culture is memory, and it is clear that the prominence of Alzheimer’s is in large part a result of the prominence of memory failure among its many symptoms. But the authority of medicine in popular discourse on Alzheimer’s has fostered a reductive approach to memory, regarding it essentially to the ability to store and recall information. In this post, I want to gesture toward the broader meanings of memory and memory by considering how they are used in two important songs in the oeuvre of one of my heroes — indie music goddess Ani Difranco. The songs are the title tracks to Dilate (1996) and Little Plastic Castle (1998).
“Dilate” (complete lyrics) is essentially a song about love gone wrong, but it is lifted above the banality of countless songs on that theme by its images of memory failure and confusion that reach toward a characterization of the human condition in late modernity.
Lifted out of the context of the song, the imagery of memory failure and confusion could be taken as a fairly standard description of nightmarish memory failure in dementia:
i wake up in the night
and i don’t know where the bathroom is
and i don’t know what town i’m in
or what sky i am under
and i wake up in the darkness and i
don’t have the will anymore to wonder
and i learn every room long enough
to make it to the door
and then i hear it click shut behind me
and every key works differently
i forget every time
and the forgetting defines me
that’s what defines me”
But in the context of the song, these images have a quite a different meaning. Though the song is meticulously evasive about what is actually going on in the narrator’s life, nothing in it suggests that the forgetting which defines the narrator is a literal inability to recall information, or that the problem is a defect in her brain. Nor is she simply using memory loss and confusion as a metaphor for the feelings that accompany a bad love affair. Rather, the song suggests that the banality of life has come to defy her ability to render it meaningful, and that this disruption of meaning has come to define her. The song concludes by embracing this situation, painful as it may be.
“Little Plastic Castle” (complete lyrics) is a celebration of unorthodox sexuality, articulating the joy to be experienced and the social price to be paid for for violating heterosexual norms of femininity, for simply being different.
But the song begins with an evocation of quotidian memory failure. The problem is not with the narrator’s mind or brain, but with a mass culture that replicates experience endlessly so that location and time are blended together into an undifferentiated now.
in a coffee shop in a city
which is every coffee shop in every city
on a day which is every day
i picked up a magazine
which is every magazine
read a story, and then forgot it right away”
The next verse goes further to suggest that this sort of forgetfulness is not an accident, but a structured, imposed feature of a modern social life that is full of little plastic castles.
they say goldfish have no memory
i guess their lives are much like mine
and the little plastic castle
is a surprise every time
and it’s hard to say if they’re happy
but they don’t seem much to mind”
This is the trap, the false promise of late modern consumer culture that leads the narrator to to forget where she is, to forget the hostility that she will inevitably have to endure and that she describes in the remainder of the song.
In these songs, memory is not merely the ability to recall information and be oriented in time and place. It is the ability to make meaning, to connect the past, the present and future together into a meaningful life story. And memory failure is not caused only by something gone wrong in an individual body and brain, but also by the oppressive banality and social contradictions of contemporary experience in late modern consumer culture. Keeping these broader meanings of memory and forgetting in mind can deepen the way we think about the experience of confusion and memory loss in dementia.